Ajuga plants are subject to crown rot if they are overcrowded or if conditions are too humid. Ajuga plants tend to be healthy but crown rot can be a problem. The Ajuga Bronze Beauty plant can be propagated by division, separating rooted stems. This fungal disease is most common in warm wet or humid weather. It is also recommended to thin out the larger, crowded groupings every two to three years. Ajuga crown rot is one of the few major disease problems on this host. Foliar Nematode - Hosta. Effective management of crown rot requires combining several strategies. Your email address will not be published. Otherwise, it is fairly impervious to pests and diseases. Divide plants if they become overcrowded. The crown should never be covered with soil or the plant will rot and die. seed, cuttings, division. And in addition to the traditional green foliage, this ground cover can also provide the landscape with stunning copper or purple-colored foliage too, making it great for adding year-round interest. They can be propagated simply by digging out the established clumps in the fall and dividing them. But it is rare in the desert Southwest. Ajuga can be propagated by digging and dividing established clumps in the fall or early in the spring. About every third year, large, crowded groupings should be thinned out Rust - Hollyhock. These fungi overwinter in soil and are capable of surviving in soil for long periods of time. There’s no treatment for crown rot, so if it shows up, you’ll need to remove and destroy the affected plants. Performance - Ajuga is excellent as a ground cover in shade where grass will not grow. It is a good idea to remove these runners periodically anyway, Life Cycle Crown rot is a disease caused by a variety of soil-borne fungi (Pellicularia rolfsii, Sclerotium delphinii, and Sclerotium rolfsii), affecting mainly herbaceous and woody plants. Many forms with variegated foliage are available. I hope you enjoy my blog and that my blog inspires you to garden. Share your gardening knowledge with The Gardener's Forum - with 50,000 posts and thousands of participating members. If you want to know more about Crown rot and on Ajuga plants visit this page. This will help to keep the plant contained. It will prevent the plant from going back to its original green form and it will help keeping its colors. Many susceptible ornamentals, such as daylily (Hemerocallis), impatiens, ajuga, peony, and vinca, are often planted in the same beds as hosta, so the disease can move from hosta to neighboring plants. You may plant them directly in the garden or transplant the young plants to your garden. Mine is looking crowded at 2 years. Southern Blight (fungus – Sclerotium rolfsii): Southern Blight, also called Crown Rot, is a soil-borne disease of ajuga that will be more serious in poorly drained soils. Root and crown infections will first appear as wilting or collapse of the plant. Ajuga is easily grown in well-drained soils in part-sun to part-shade. © 2020 All Rights Reserved. Problems with Ajuga Plants. Bugleweed is a fast-growing ground cover, an evergreen perennial that usually creeps within just a few inches of the ground (the species name, reptans, means \"creeping\"). Here are the basic growing conditions for Ajuga plants: You should plant Ajugas in early spring. Zones 3-9 Ajuga genevensis is a relativel… Keep in mind that it is recommended to remove runners periodically even if you don’t want to divide your plant. Also avoid planting near perennial beds or lawns where its spreading nature could pose removal problems. for Your Garden. Sudden wilting, yellowing and death of ajuga, also known as bugleweed, means crown rot may have invaded the planting. Ajuga Reptans is also known as bugleweed or carpetweed and is not that invasive that you cannot control it. Good air circulation is essential to avoid crown rot. What else. Signs of Crown Rot … Ajuga reptans. About every 3 years thin out large crowded groups to avoid crown rot. To control rapid growth, either mow or cut back to the ground. I’m a gardening enthusiast with over 25 years of experience. It will tolerate any soil, even poor ones, as long as it is well-drained. This herbaceous perennial is a member of the mint family. Spots appear on the crown (where stem and roots meet), lower leaves rot and young shoots wilt. Crown rot is a nasty disease that affects many plants, mainly garden vegetables. It becomes more difficult as they age because they will become entangled in the main plant. I grow everything I can from veggies to plants. Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. It is also recommended to thin out the larger, crowded groupings every two to three years. Will grow in full shade but best foliage color occurs in part sun. While symptoms may vary from plant to plant, there is often little you can do once the disease occurs. It is very easy to propagate your Ajugas. Ajugas begin blooming in early spring and continue up until mid July Crown rot is a disease caused by the fungus Fusarium pseudograminearum, and can attack all winter cereals and many grassy weeds. The fungus causing this crown rot enters the plant through the roots and crown. Fusarium Wilt - Chrysanthemum. The crown should never be covered with soil or the plant will rot and die. Social media. Plants may be cut back to the ground after flowering, if necessary, to rejuvenate the foliage. ANSWER: Ajuga (Ajuga reptans) is prone to a fungal root and crown rot caused by the Southern blight fungus (Sclerotium rolfsii). Ideas and Inspiration Although it has pretty flowers and is available in several different cultivars that work well in landscaping, it can also make quite a nuisance of itself through rampant spread. The fungus, Sclerotium delphinii, thrives in warm, wet weather, so it has done well in 1998. Common Name(s): Ajuga; Blue Bugle; Bugleherb; Bugleweed; Bugle Weed; Carpet Bugle; Phonetic Spelling ah-JOO-gah REP-tans Description. The blight that causes ajuga crown rot can affect many garden plants and can be difficult to control. This fungal disease is often favored by wet conditions and heavy soils. The Garden Helper is a free gardening encyclopedia and guides to growing and caring for gardens, plants and flowers. Pruning your Ajugas is easy. Sites that are particularly wet or poorly drained will have this problem more than well-drained areas. Plants suddenly turn yellow and die in patches during warm, humid weather. ground cover. Spent flower spikes may be cut back by hand or mowed over using a high bladed mower to clean up the Bugleherb groundcover. Theres even a variegated form available. Additionally, very heavy soil will cause crown rot. Removal of these offsets will become more difficult as they age, because they will become entangled in the main plant. Ajuga Reptans All You Want To Know and Its Varieties. Generally, most types of Ajuga only reach a height of 6-9 inches when in full bloom. Ajuga plants are evergreen to semi-evergreen, depending on the species and variety. Every 2-4 years it may be necessary to thin out any crowded clusters of foliage. It should also be thinned every few years to prevent crown rot. It tolerates deer and rabbit and does well planted under and around Black Walnut trees. Occasionally patches of ajuga will die. The most effective . Photo credit: Wendy Lefkowich via photopin cc. Heterosporium Leaf Spot - Iris Rust - Daylily. In case you notice non-variegated foliage on variegated forms of Ajuga plants, make sure to remove it. Runners are easily removed from the mother plant when they are young. Crown rot is a disease caused by a soil-borne fungus which can survive in the soil indefinitely. Chronically infected plants may be stunted or off color. You should space your plants about a foot apart and water deeply. The biggest concern is to make sure the plant doesn't get too wet because crown rot is a common problem. Cause The fungus Phoma sp. to reduce the chance of crown rot. It will tolerate poor soils, but should be placed in an area where it can be controlled. The biggest problem is Crown rot usually caused by over-watering or too much rain. In most cases, you’ll plant ajuga bugleweed from a started plant. The good news is that it is easy to grow Ajugas since they don’t require much dedicated care. Powdery mildew can attack quickly but a squirt with Ecofungicide will control it. Ajuga is happiest in well-drained, moist soil but handles drought and dry soils well. Ajuga is excellent plant to use for erosion control due to it's extensive root system! Back to: Groundcover Gallery 'Black Scallop' PP 15815. Avoid planting in wet, heavy soils, provide good air circulation and divide when clumps become overcrowded. Ajuga can be propagated by digging and dividing established clumps in the fall or early in the spring. It affects herbaceous plants and some woody plants but is most commonly found on ajuga, anemone, campanula, chrysanthemum, delphinium, hosta, hydrangea, iris, narcissus, phlox, rudbeckia, scabiosa, sedum, and tulip. Can be cut back to the ground to rejuvenate foliage. It is an excellent plant for moist areas, although … Pachysandra suffering from root rot. Ajuga-Crown Rot. Helping gardeners grow their dreams since 1997.No-dash-here, you've found The Real Garden Helper! Ajuga grows best in partial to full shade but will also grow in full sun if constant moisture is provided. You say to thin out larger, crowded groupings of ajuga, but I did not see a description of how to do it. Ajuga prefers moist, humusy soil but tolerates moderately dry soil. acidic with a pH in the range of 3.7 to 6.5, propagated by digging and dividing established clumps. How to plant Ajuga Plant Ajuga 30cm (12in) apart, taking care not to plant too deeply. This low-growing bugleweed will spread in the garden by stolons form an attractive, mat-like ground cover. Phytophthora Root and Crown Rot in the Landscape. Rust - Geranium . Crown rot can be a problem, particularly in humid conditions and wet, heavy soils. crown rot. Good ground cover in contained areas. Crown rot can be a problem, particularly in the humid conditions of the deep South and in heavy soils. The plant will also develop spots on the crowns. You can do it by simply mowing or cutting the foliage back to the ground. Crown and Roots Rot; Odor Present is Caused by Crown Rot Soil-dwelling fungi cause this serious disease, which can kill plants within a few days. Management. This is easily done when they are young so you should not have much trouble with them. The presence of the pathogen within the plant stem limits water movement, which can result in premature death of the tiller and the presence of white (dead) heads. Part of OSU Extension Plant Pathology Slide Set. Required fields are marked *. Black Root Rot - Pansy. Garden Uses. Avoid over-fertilizing. Tips for Pruning Your Dieffenbachia Plant, Oncidium Orchids Care: 8 Mistakes to Avoid. When planting, make sure to space them 12 to 15 inches apart. Provide good air circulation to prevent crown rot. But there are a few situations i… PNW Plant Disease Management . This is particularly common in heavy soils or in hot, humid areas. Runners are easily removed from the mother plant when they are young. Problems with Ajuga. It can spread from plant to plant by white thread-like growths (mycelium) that first infect the base of the stem, and then spread up the stem or out from its base in fan-shaped patterns. In hot, humid areas, remember that your bugleweed will need plenty of good air circulation in order to prevent nasty fungal diseases, like crown rot. It does have a tendency to spread into grass if not contained. While it prefers moist soils with good drainage, it will tolerate moderately dry conditions. Gardening on the Web since 1997. The flowers of bugleweed are normally bluish to purple but they can be found in white as well. How do I prune my Ajuga Bronze Beauty Bugleweed? Not very tolerant of foot traffic. The problem in Georgia was attributed to infected plants coming in from plug production facilities in Central America. Comments - Ajuga needs to be divided every 2-3 years to prevent crown rot. It is also important not to plant them too deeply. These plants are hardy and disease and insect resistant. Pathogenicity of crown rot and root rot disease of Ajuga reptans caused by Phoma sp. This will reduce the risk of the crown rot. even if they are to be discarded. Crown Rot - Ajuga. Bugleweed is a dense, fast-growing groundcover. Propagate by division any time during the growing season. Gray Mold - Poinsettia. Provide good air circulation in hot and humid areas where crown rot is a problem. These plants are native to Europe. It presents gardeners with a tough decision in plant selection. When not working, I love digging in my garden. If you wish to grow Ajuga plants as groundcover in your garden, you need to follow some basic care tips. Ajuga grows along the ground, spreading by runners, Your email address will not be published. Primary use is as a ground cover. Removing runners will prevent your Ajuga plants from spreading too much. This will reduce the risk of the crown rot. This will help you keeping your Ajugas contained in the area where you want them to grow. Alternatively, you may do this early in the spring. Some of the miniature varieties make great additions to trough gardens and containers. To prevent this, simply make sure to site your plants accordingly. You can do it by simply mowing or cutting the foliage back to the ground. Try to avoid using chemical herbicides near ajuga, they seem to promote rot in existing plants. and soon creates a thick carpet of foliage. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Early detection of infected plants includes scouting for plants that either wilt or collapse during periods of water stress. Crown Rot - Hydrangea. If solid-color leaves show up on a variegated-leaf plant, remove them to stop the leaves from changing to an all green color. Phytopathology 95:S111. with the peak blossom period in May and June. They are hardy in USDA zones 3-9. Ajuga reptans 'Metallica Crispa' (also known as 'Cristata') - bronzed foliage is small and crinkled, resembling miniature dark spinach, but is not as vigorous as other cultivars, often listed under the species Ajuga pyramidalis It first appears as sudden wilting and dieback in colder climates and yellowing and death of plants in warmer areas. Pruning is done by either mowing or cutting the foliage back to the ground. Pruning your Ajugas is easy. Crown rot, sometimes called southern blight or southern stem rot, is caused by several soil-borne fungi. When you’re ready to replant, try a different kind of groundcover, to decrease the chance that the problem will return. has been found in greenhouse grown plants by the OSU Plant Clinic and reported from Georgia. It is important to make sure that the crowns are never covered with soil. Ajuga reptans forms a low-growing mat 4 inches tall with flower spikes up to 9 inches tall. Gray Mold - Geranium. You will know that this is happening if you notice signs of rot in the lower leaves. In order to prevent this disease, make sure to provide your Ajuga plants with good air circulation. Wait for a day long after the danger of frost has passed to plant. Bases of stems rot and turn brown or black. Note the discoloration at the base of the stems due to a Sclerotium sp. It is best to do this by simply removing the runners from the mother plant. If the crowns are covered the plant will rot and die. crown rot and, like hosta, adapted to partial to full shade environments. It is a fabulous plant capable of smothering and controlling weeds and to grow at garden edges. Propagating and Pruning Ajuga Plants. Thanks. This garden malady is caused by a fungus that sometimes develops in the soil when the location has experienced many heavy rains, flash floods, or other reasons for lots of lots of water in one location. Fruiting bodies, called sclerotia, also form in the mycelium. 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