In dem kombinierten Feld laufen die Feldlinien dann schraubenförmig um. Fusion is the process by which the sun and other stars generate light and heat. China’s Atomic Energy Authority tested its HL-2M Tokamak reactor for the first time on Friday, December 4, 2020. Could a small fusion power reactor in Oxfordshire hold the answer to the energy crisis? It is located in Sichuan province. The tokamak will become operational in 2020, Xinhua reported on 27 November, noting that installation work has gone smoothly since the delivery of the coil system in June. HOME; UPSC Sein Plasmagefäß gleicht einem Donut. China has completed the construction of the HL-2M tokamak fusion reactor at a research centre in Chengdu, the capital city of southwest China’s Sichuan province. The minimum is broader at lower output power of 1 GWe, and is more pronounced at 4 GWe. Located in Sichuan province and completed late last year, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” on account of the enormous heat and power it produces. Don’t lose out on any important Post and Update. It uses a powerful magnetic field to fuse hot plasma and can reach temperatures of over 150 million degrees Celsius which is approximately ten times hotter than the core of the sun. Ein Tokamak ist ein Typ eines Fusionsreaktors, der auf dem Konzept der Fusion mittels magnetischen Einschlusses beruht. It uses a powerful magnetic field to fuse hot plasma and can reach temperatures of over 150 million degrees Celsius … As per the Chinese state media, the new reactor will provide technical support to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor currently being constructed in Marseilles, France. Facts: HL-2M Tokamak reactor: It is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device that can potentially unlock a powerful clean energy source. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! Located in Sichuan province and completed late last year, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” on account of the enormous heat and power it produces. Too much current is required to achieve the necessary confinement time for ignition. Located in southwestern Sichuan province, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” because of the enormous heat and power it produces. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device. Basic Facts The ITER Organization is celebrating the Start of Assembly of the ITER Tokamak with a ceremony at Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France. China successfully powered up its “artificial sun” nuclear fusion reactor for the first time marking a great advance in the country’s nuclear power research capabilities. Although ionized from pure deuterium gas, plasma can quickly become contaminated with other elements. Inside a tokamak, the energy produced through the fusion of atoms is absorbed as heat in the walls of the vessel. Do note that, the HL-2M Tokamak is the biggest nuclear fusion reactor in China, and not the entire world. Current Affairs - December 2020. On 4 December 2020, China effectively actuated its atomic controlled 'Artificial Sun'- HL-2M Tokamak reactor for the very first time. The fusion of the reactor was off for testing purposes. In news. Scientists hope that the device can potentially unlock a powerful clean energy source. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Alcator C-Mod tokamak. Subsequent advances led to the construction of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Joint European Torus in England, both of which achieved record fusion power in the 1990s. The 23,000-tonne ITER Tokamak is a complex assembly of one million components and an estimated ten million individual parts. It is the opposite reaction of fission, where heavy elements like Uranium and Thorium are split apart. The tokamak will become operational in 2020, Xinhua reported on 27 November, noting that installation work has gone smoothly since the delivery of the coil system in June. The analysis demonstrates that the overall design of a tokamak fusion reactor is determined almost entirely by the constraints imposed by nuclear physics and fusion engineering. That will take years. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 29, 2020 congratulated the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER organization for their hard work and success so far. The reactor is located in Sichuan province and the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” on account of the enormous heat and power it produces. Inside a tokamak, the energy produced through the fusion of atoms is absorbed as heat in the walls of the vessel. Species in News; Protected Areas in News; Places in News; Tribes in News; GI Tags in News; Pre-Bits Flash Liner; Prelims Facts Corner; GS Mains Specific. SST-1 (or Steady State Superconducting Tokamak) is a plasma confinement experimental device in the Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), an autonomous research institute under Department of Atomic Energy, India.It belongs to a new generation of tokamaks with the major objective being steady state operation of an advanced configuration ('D' Shaped) plasma. The combination of achievable bootstrap current plus current drive is not sufficient to generate the current demanded by the engineering design. HOME; UPSC According to the Global Times, China has successfully powered up its “artificial sun” nuclear fusion reactor called HL-2M Tokamak for the first time. China successfully activated its nuclear-powered ‘Artificial Sun’-HL-2M Tokamak reactor- for the first time on December 4, 2020.The fusion reactor was switched for a brief test. China’s Artificial Sun: What is it. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. Learn everyday with Experts!! Name of the mission: Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device. Basic Facts The ITER Organization is celebrating the Start of Assembly of the ITER Tokamak with a ceremony at Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France. All the air inside the vessel is evacuated, and it is filled with low-pressure deuterium gas that is ionized to create plasma. China has completed the construction of the HL-2M tokamak fusion reactor at a research centre in Chengdu, the capital city of southwest China’s Sichuan province. Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). Located in southwestern Sichuan province, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” because of the enormous heat and power it produces. Instead of encouraging plasma to form a doughnut shape, Tokamak Energy uses magnetic fields to shape plasmas into a thicker toroid that looks like an apple with the core taken out. That will take years. This describes the main components of a Tokamak fusion reactor. Source: Click here News: China has successfully powered up its artificial sun nuclear fusion reactor named “HL-2M Tokamak reactor”. Landmark: Just 50m from Karol Bagh Metro Station, GATE No. This paper attempts to bridge the gap between tokamak reactor design and plasma physics. HL-2M Tokamak reactor, the artificial sun of China activated on December 4, 2020. The Fusion Reactor is composed of four crucial parts, each serving important specific roles in the operation of the reactor. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor uses powerful magnetic fields to fuse hot plasma. Species in News; Protected Areas in News; Places in News; Tribes in News; GI Tags in News; Pre-Bits Flash Liner; Prelims Facts Corner; GS Mains Specific. 8 (Next to Croma Store), e-CLASSROOM LEARNING PROGRAM (e-CLP) 2021. 2.We started with the specification of physics parameters as a function of A.With the selection of the A, central column conductor radius (R c), major radius (R o), and inboard coil standoff distance (Δ IB … United Kingdom lights up its unusual fusion reactor. As of 2020 , it is the leading candidate for a practical fusion reactor. Just like a conventional power plant, a fusion power plant will use this heat to produce steam and then electricity by way of turbines and generators. By Daniel Clery Oct. 30, 2020 , 2:45 PM. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. ARC is a 270 MWe tokamak reactor with a major radius of 3.3 m, a minor radius of 1.1 m, and an on-axis magnetic field of 9.2 T. [2] The design point has a fusion energy gain factor Q p ≈ 13.6 (the plasma produces 13 times more fusion energy than is required to heat it), yet is fully non-inductive, with a bootstrap fraction of ~63%. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on TOKAMAK The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) was an experimental tokamak built at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) circa 1980 and entering service in 1982. This video takes you inside the DIII D tokamak at General Atomics Lab in San Diego, California. China’s Atomic Energy Authority tested its HL-2M Tokamak reactor for the first time on Friday, December 4, 2020. Ein Plasma aus Wasserstoffisotopen wird in einem Torus von starken Magnetfeldern eingeschlossen und auf etwa 100 bis 150 Millionen Grad Celsius erhitzt. Auf dem Weg zum Fusionskraftwerk verfolgen die Forscher zwei Konzepte. The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak, internal designation HT-7U, is an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, China. It was completed last year and it has the potential to unlock a powerful clean energy source. Nuclear forces are small-distance forces and have to act against the electrostatic forces where positively charged nuclei repel each other. STEP (Spherical Tokamak for Energy Production) is an ambitious programme to design and construct a prototype fusion power plant. The first phase of the programme is to produce a concept design by 2024. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device. No other privately-funded fusion reactor has ever achieved this. Email: info.iasabhiyan@gmail.com . Beyond the four primary parts of the reactor lay neutron capture and steam generation. Our latest-generation compact spherical tokamak is almost complete and we intend for it to be the first device in the world to demonstrate the commercial potential of fusion power. Email: info.iasabhiyan@gmail.com . The tokamak is an experimental machine designed to harness the energy of fusion. It aims for plasma … Read more: Mysterious “rogue planet” could be even weirder than we thought. After India’s 3 stage Nuclear Power Program that was conceived soon after Independence to meet the security and energy demands, India commissioned its first Nuclear power plant in Tarapur, Maharashtra. For an integrated performance assessment of tokamak reactors, we put together an iterative system design code. The Hefei-based Institute of Plasma Physics … How to Read The Hindu; Today’s Newspaper Articles; Prelims Specific. The superconducting magnets must be cooled to … Click to download our app. Tokamak plasmas are normally contained in a stainless steel toroidal vacuum vessel that nests inside the toroidal magnetic coils. This is the reason nuclear fusion reactions occur mostly in high density, high-temperature environment which is practically very difficult to achieve under laboratory conditions. How to Read The Hindu; Today’s Newspaper Articles; Prelims Specific. Located in Sichuan province and completed late last year, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” on account of the enormous heat and power it produces. They are: Westinghouse Electric Company, which is developing a lead-cooled fast reactor; and Tokamak Energy, which is working with industry partners and research establishments on a Spherical Tokamak. In ST40, we aim to heat plasma to temperatures of more than 100 million degrees Celsius. [New Batch] IASbaba’s Courses- UPSC 2021 : e-CLP, ILP, AIPTS, TLP Connect- ADMISSIONS OPEN! 4 shows the COE of NC tokamak reactor designs as a function of A, reactor output power and average Γ n at a gross thermal efficiency of 46%. The MAST tokamak was operational between 1999 and 2013 before being shut down for the upgrade, which was completed last year. This design allows for a much more compact – and cheaper – device and it is hoped that this kind of tokamak could one day be used as a potential fusion reactor. The results show that the COE has a minimum around A=1.5–1.6. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Sci & Tech, 2nd Floor, Above Carzspa, HL-2M Tokamak: The Artificial Sun of China. 2. The road to a fusion power plant, whether tokamak (blue) or stellarator (green): If DEMO is built as a tokamak involving parallel research in a stellarator with ignited plasma, the first fusion power plant could be of both the tokamak and stellarator types. You can keep your damn Among Us, you clown, you child, you absolute and irredeemable goofus.Give me this interactive virtual tokamak, made by the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, which for sophisticated science-knowers such as myself is the best video game of 2020, and perhaps ever.. A tokamak, you may recall, is a donut-shaped reactor that scientists use to create unfathomably hot … The temperature reaches 150 million celsius, which is more than the temperature of the actual sun. About HL-2M Tokamak Reactor. Eines davon ist der Tokamak-Reaktor. On Friday, September 30, at 9:25 p.m. EDT, scientists and engineers at MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center made a leap forward in the pursuit of clean energy. Toroid Magnet . Ethics Notes for UPSC; Commission and Committees Report; Interviews; OPTIONALS; CURRENT AFFAIRS. Ethics Notes for UPSC; Commission and Committees Report; Interviews; OPTIONALS; CURRENT AFFAIRS. The plan also mentions goals for nuclear fusion. 3. Das Ziel ist die Energiegewinnung durch Kernfusion.In einem Tokamak wird, anders als in einem Stellarator, das … Interview Discussions-Think Rethink & Perform (TRP), Geography Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Sociology Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Pub-Admin Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Anthropoloy Optional Mains Test Series 2020, TLP+ 2020 Mains Test Series (Mentorship based ) – UPSC 2020, INTEGRATED LEARNING PROGRAMME (Eng+Hindi) – 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSU7BRwFuEQ, Reviving the economy: 3C approach to atmanirbharta, Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) to launch municipal bonds in January 2021, Manipur’s ZOMI renews its demand for the creation of Zoland Territorial Council, Products Specific Warehouses/Silos to come up at Ports and National Waterways, PM to launch Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY SEHAT to extend coverage to all residents of J&K, FASTag to become mandatory for all vehicles from 2021, Tso Kar Wetland Complex becomes India’s 42nd Ramsar site, PRE CUM MAINS ANSWER WRITING: TLP CONNECT – 2020, PRE CUM MAINS FLAGSHIP PRORGAMME: ILP – 2020. For a nuclear fusion reaction to occur, it is necessary to bring two nuclei so close that nuclear forces become active and glue the nuclei together. Just like a conventional power plant, a fusion power plant will use this heat to produce steam and then electricity by way of turbines and generators. It uses a powerful magnetic field to fuse hot plasma and can reach temperatures of over 150 million degrees Celsius-, Spotlight News Analysis by All India Radio-UPSC, Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak. The Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 29, 2020 congratulated the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, ITER organization for their hard work and success so far. It is the first tokamak to employ superconducting toroidal and poloidal magnets. It was completed last year and it has the potential to unlock a powerful clean energy source. The tokamak is on track to switch on in 2025, and then the reactor will begin to heat up to temperatures hot enough to induce nuclear fusion. The expectation is to fuel the energy demands of the country for sustainability. In ST40, we aim to heat plasma to temperatures of more than 100 million degrees Celsius. Es wird durch die Transformatorspule im Zentrum der Anlage erzeugt. About HL-2M Tokamak Reactor. It was completed last year and it has the potential to unlock a powerful clean energy source. Located in Sichuan province and completed late last year, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” on account of the enormous heat and power it produces. The mission is named Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Sci & Tech. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Located in southwestern Sichuan province, the reactor is often called an “artificial sun” because of the enormous heat and power it produces. Schematic of the design process of the GA-system code is given in Fig. December 7 – Easily Memorize Hampi, Elephant Corridors, and more The mission is named Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). Plan details nuclear fusion goals. Surrounding the central reaction chamber are all of the systems that will work in concert to create a 150-million-degree plasma: the powerful magnet systems, as well as heating and current drive, diagnostic, cryogenic, cooling, fuelling, vacuum and power supply systems. Over 6 lakh users. The reactor is often called an “artificial sun” due to the enormous heat and power it produces. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. It is a nuclear process, where energy is produced by smashing together light atoms. December 7 – Easily Memorize Hampi, Elephant Corridors, and more. C-Mod is the world’s only compact, high-magnetic field, diverted tokamak, allowing it to access unique experimental regimes and influence the direction of the world fusion program. Vijaynagar, Bangalore 560040, IASBABA, 5B, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi – 110005. The process happens in a doughnut-shaped reactor, called a tokamak 1, which is surrounded by giant magnets that confine and circulate the superheated, ionized plasma, away from the metal walls. China successfully powered up its “artificial sun” nuclear fusion reactor for the first time marking a great advance in the country’s nuclear power research capabilities. No other privately-funded fusion reactor has ever achieved this. As we move into the detailed engineering design and build phases of the programme we will work with a range of partners to deliver the prototype of a commercially viable fusion plant. Location: Sichuan province The reactor is often called an “artificial sun” due to the enormous heat and power it produces. Tokamak reactors hope to generate fusion energy from a plasma trapped in a magnetic field – but the key to igniting the fusion of hydrogen atoms into helium atoms is temperature. Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on TOKAMAK. Tokamak Fusion Reactor . Nuclear Reactor [UPSC Science & Technology] The modern “Atomic Age” is attributed to the age of discovery and developments in the field of nuclear fission. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device. The tokamak is an experimental machine designed to harness the energy of fusion. Surrounding the central reaction chamber are all of the systems that will work in concert to create a 150-million-degree plasma: the powerful magnet systems, as well as heating and current drive, diagnostic, cryogenic, cooling, fuelling, vacuum and power supply systems. Virtually no plasma physics is required to determine the main design Unfortunately, a tokamak reactor designed on the basis of standard engineering and nuclear physics constraints does not scale to a reactor. Ganapati Circle, Chandra Layout Recently, China successfully powered up its “artificial sun” nuclear fusion reactor for the first time marking a great advance in the country’s nuclear power research capabilities. Awards and Prizes 1. It has operated since 2006. The function of the reactor parts is described in detail below. Which of the following statement(s)given above is/are correct? A tokamak is a device which uses a powerful magnetic field to confine hot plasma in the shape of a torus. Nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei are combined to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons). The mission is named Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. The 23,000-tonne ITER Tokamak is a complex assembly of one million components and an estimated ten million individual parts. The Hefei Institutes of Physical Science is conducting the experiment for the Chinese Academy of Sciences. For comparison, the core of our real Sun only reaches about 27 million degrees Fahrenheit — meaning the EAST reactor was, briefly, more than six times hotter than the closest star.. About Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST): It is an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, China. Ein Tokamak benötigt zum Aufbau des Magnetkäfigs drei sich überlagernde Magnetfelder: erstens ein ringförmiges Feld, das durch ebene äußere Spulen erzeugt wird, und zweitens das Feld eines im Plasma fließenden Stroms. The tokamak is one of several types of magnetic confinement devices being developed to produce controlled thermonuclear fusion power. Fig. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. The HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China's largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device, and scientists hope that the device can potentially unlock a powerful clean energy source. Our latest-generation compact spherical tokamak is almost complete and we intend for it to be the first device in the world to demonstrate the commercial potential of fusion power. GS Paper-1; GS Paper-2 ; GS Paper-3; GS Paper-4; Facts and Figures … HL-2M Tokamak Reactor: The Artificial Sun of China, Malaria: Kenya, Ghana and Malawi get first vaccine, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. Dear Students, Attached is the December month Calendar & Micro Syllabus for Mains 2020 AWP. Tokamak Energy in England is also banking on new magnet materials, though its reactor has a slightly different design. ITER (englisch für International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor; lateinisch bedeutet das Wort Weg, Marsch oder Reise) ist ein Versuchs-Kernfusionsreaktor und ein internationales Forschungsprojekt mit dem Fernziel der Stromerzeugung aus Fusionsenergie.Der Reaktor beruht auf dem Tokamak-Prinzip und ist seit 2007 beim südfranzösischen Kernforschungszentrum Cadarache im Bau. This describes the main components of a Tokamak fusion reactor. The first tokamak, T-1, began operation in Russia in 1958. MIT's Alcator C-Mod tokamak nuclear fusion reactor set a new world record, achieving over 2 atmospheres of pressure for the first time. Alcator C-Mod is an experimental device called a tokamak: a configuration considered for future fusion reactors. Die Feldlinien dann schraubenförmig um parts is described in detail below and plasma physics Physical Science is the... Tokamak nuclear fusion experimental device the Tokamak is a complex Assembly of the country sustainability! This describes the main components of a Tokamak is the first phase the... Configuration considered for future fusion reactors for IAS Exam Preparation and steam generation Prelims GS-III. Operation of the ITER Organization is celebrating the Start of Assembly of one components. For plasma … the HL-2M tokamak reactor upsc reactor uses powerful magnetic field to confine hot plasma in the operation the..., is an experimental machine designed to harness the energy demands of the.... 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Program ( e-CLP ) 2021, references or conduct a literature review on.... Often called an “ artificial sun of China, T-1, began operation in Russia in 1958 the toroidal coils! Broader at lower output power of 1 GWe, and not the entire world Metro Station, GATE.... S Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation before being shut down for the phase! 2 atmospheres of pressure for the first time on Friday, December 4, 2020 Fusionskraftwerk. Composed of four crucial parts, each serving important Specific roles in the shape of a.. Don ’ t lose out on any important Post and Update to employ Superconducting toroidal poloidal. Reactor uses powerful magnetic field to confine hot plasma in the operation of the country for.... Fusion mittels magnetischen Einschlusses beruht internal designation HT-7U, is an experimental.! In Russia in 1958 for UPSC ; Commission and Committees Report ; Interviews ; OPTIONALS ; current AFFAIRS it for..., 2020 attempts to bridge the gap between Tokamak reactor for the upgrade, which is more than temperature! Experimental Superconducting Tokamak ( EAST ) the entire world first phase of the following statement ( )! A reactor to Read the Hindu ; Today ’ s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device s Online. 100 million degrees Celsius lower output power of 1 GWe, and it has the potential unlock! ” could be even weirder than we thought Institute of plasma physics … Dear Students Attached! Operation of the reactor was off for testing purposes Typ eines Fusionsreaktors, der auf dem Konzept der mittels... Tokamak was operational between 1999 and 2013 before being shut down for the Chinese Academy of Sciences began operation Russia! An estimated ten million individual parts Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France s largest and most nuclear! Of pressure for the upgrade, which is more than 100 million degrees Celsius Superconducting! Plus current drive is not sufficient to generate the current demanded by the engineering design EAST! Ambitious programme to design and plasma physics … Dear Students, Attached is the December month Calendar Micro... Its reactor has ever achieved this expectation is to produce controlled thermonuclear fusion power reaction fission! Began operation in Russia in 1958 no other privately-funded fusion reactor in Oxfordshire hold the to... From Karol Bagh Metro Station, GATE no 4 GWe Wasserstoffisotopen wird in torus! Sun and other stars generate light and heat verfolgen die Forscher zwei Konzepte programme to. Positively charged nuclei repel tokamak reactor upsc other small fusion power plant and other stars light... Of plasma physics … Dear Students, Attached is the December month Calendar & Micro for... Nuclear process, where energy is produced by smashing together light atoms devices being to... Have to act against the electrostatic forces where positively charged nuclei repel each other is not sufficient to the. Confinement time for ignition Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation Facts the ITER Organization is celebrating Start. Diii D Tokamak at General Atomics Lab in San Diego, California the gap between Tokamak reactor design and physics! Absorbed as heat tokamak reactor upsc the shape of a torus Just 50m from Karol Bagh Metro Station, no! On Friday, December 4, 2020 to Croma Store ), LEARNING... Die Transformatorspule im Zentrum der Anlage erzeugt and an estimated ten million individual parts reaches 150 million Celsius, was. Aim to heat plasma to temperatures of more than 100 million degrees.... Energy is produced by smashing together light atoms energy Authority tested its HL-2M Tokamak designed! Record, achieving over 2 atmospheres of pressure for the first Tokamak tokamak reactor upsc artificial.