It was built in 670 during the first campaign to annex Ifriqiya to the emerging Moslem empire. It forms an original This was the same time as the reign of Charlemagne. After The Mosque of Uqba (Arabic: جامع عقبة‎), also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan (جامع القيروان الأكبر), is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan. The only component that might have been saved was the mihrab. Built by Uqba ibn Nafi, an Arab general, around 680 AD (it is also called the Mosque of Uqba), this is the first mosque in the Islamic West. The Great Mosque, also known as the Sidi Oqba mosque, had its simple beginnings in 670 AD, during the time of Uqba ibn Nafi, the original founder of Kairouan. the mihrab façade, the niche indicating The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) is considered as one of th… This is undoubtedly the most ancient Islamic religious building in the Moslem West. Established by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD at the founding of the city of Kairouan, the mosque occupies an area of over 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft). The prayer hall or sanctuary is supported by rows of columns and there is an open courtyard, that are characteristic of a hypostyle pl… Medieval period. Help Smarthistory continue to make a difference, Help make art history relevant and engaging, Arts of the Islamic world: The early period, Arts of the Islamic world: The medieval period, Dado Panel, Courtyard of the Royal Palace of Mas’ud III, The Great Mosque (or Masjid-e Jameh) of Isfahan, Arts of the Islamic world: The later period, Introduction to the court carpets of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires, Mimar Sinan, Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, Mimar Sinan, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Istanbul, https://smarthistory.org/the-great-mosque-of-kairouan/. Donate or volunteer today! Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great Mosque in 670. He erected the building on the site of an older mosque, originally constructed by Uqba ibn Nafi at the time of the 670 AD Arab conquest of Byzantine North Africa. It remained the capital until 1057, when the city was plundered by the seminomadic Hilalians, or Banu Hilal, an Arab tribe. wooden panels composing the minbar, the preacher’s In Kairouan …acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. to this day. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. In 863 by the Emir Abou Ibrahim Ahmad was built the current mosque. Almost all were taken from the ruins of Carthage. But the mosque at Kairouan was much grander than anything being built in Northern Europe at this time As this is the place where we worship Almighty Allah (SWT), it is understandable that we attach so much importance to a mosque. The history of the Great Mosque of Kairouan: In 670 in Kairouan was built the first mosque, to North Africa of Muslim Arabs shortly after the arrival. The Great Mosque of Kairouan is a singular monument, The Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia is the instance of typical hypostyle mosque. Dome of the Rock. By the founder of Kairouan it was built, he was the Sidi Oqba, for that as the Sidi Oqba Mosque is also known the mosque. the Islamic conquest, yet the general aspect of The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. An interconnected world is not as recent as we think. 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