1955. The L2 BAT (Battalion, Anti-Tank) was a 120 mm calibre recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army.It was also produced in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a new spotting rifle attachment. It was also produced in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a new spotting rifle attachment. The gunner could enter and exit the vehicle through the turret’s top hatch. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The M40 is an 106mm breech-loaded, single-shot, man-portable, crew-served recoilless rifle. XIX.883. The first was the BAT (Battalion anti-tank) gun, then the lighter MOBAT with a 7.62 Bren spotting rifle, and the lightweight WOMBAT with a 0.5" spotter. Required fields are marked *. It is equipped with a 7.62 mm ranging machine-gun . But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Date. It reduced the number of 120 mm Brandt rocket launchers to just one per side of the turret. M40 106mm Recoilless Rifle. The mobility trials were performed on two different terrains: the first one was a relatively flat, grassy and dry terrain, which the ELC EVEN crossed easily at a speed averaging 40 km/h. The engine compartment was separated from the rest of the hull by a fireproof partition. One project, though, was developed by the Etablissements Brunon-Valette – a smaller company that had been producing various products, from bridges, to bottles, to chassis, but had little to no previous experience in the field of military vehicles. The Wombat had a full circle of traverse and could engage … On the left hand side, there is an elevating wheel, in the centre of which is the trigger wheel used to fine adjust the elevation and at the same time firing the spotting rifle when pulled, and the gun when pushed. However it did lead to the post war Mobat and Wombat recoilless rifles. The L6 Wombat version was greatly lightened through the use of magnesium alloys. 120 mm recoilless rifle - Conbat Recoilless Rifle. Effective range was 1,000 meters with an extreme range out to 1,600 meters. They are a lot more potent than jeeps with recoilless guns and with more design work put into it, newer and better version could be deployed in 60’s while this vehicle would had served as fine intermedium solution. It would be designated the 120mm Gun Tank T77, and another contract was signed with Rheem to create two pilot tanks. i. The internal space was too low for him to even sit. Marshall Juin was one of the most prestigious and well-known French officers after the Second World War, having notably commanded the Free French Corps in Italy. Development was halted with the end of the war, and the 17-pdr was replaced with the 20-pdr for tank use, the 120mm BAT recoilless rifle for anti-tank use, and the intention to replace it with Anti-tank guided missiles for infantry-use. 150mm Thermobaric Shells iii.150mm Canister Shells iv. The Swedish Pansarvärnsgevär fm/42 made by the Carl Gustav company was an interesting early hybrid antitank weapon – a recoilless rifle firing solid armor-piercing projectiles. A drum-loaded variant of the vehicle was also considered. In it, the vehicle ended up getting stuck at the bottom of a ditch, after the driving shaft of the right sprocket was damaged. A recoilless gun or rifle is a lightweight weapon that fires a heavier projectile that would be impractical to fire from a recoiling weapon of comparable size. It doesn’t seem practical to me. as it was not centered, but off to the left, whilst the driver’s compartment and hatch were on the right side of the vehicle. The M20 recoilless rifle is a U.S. 75 mm caliber recoilless rifle T21E12 that was used during the last months of the Second World War and the M20 extensively during the Korean War. The vehicle was armed with four Brandt 120 mm rocket launchers, two sitting on each side of the turret, firing SNEB rocket-powered projectiles. The fate and whereabouts of the 1956 prototype remain unknown to this day. 120 mm recoilless rifle - Conbat Recoilless Rifle. The L6 Wombat (Weapon Of Magnesium, Battalion, Anti-Tank) version was greatly lightened through the use of magnesium alloys. Recoilless like a recoilless rifle, vented at the back with backblast. 75MM Recoilless Rifle Breech Canvas Cover T 205. One of the 120 mm recoilless rifles which began with the Mobat series and from which the Conbat follows on. A 7.5 mm AA52 machine-gun featured on both sides of the turret. Two different ways of reloading the vehicle existed, both performed by the driver: The first allowed him to reload without leaving his seat, the turret would rotate so the breeches would be near the driver’s position (meaning the gun would face the rear). [4] Other ammunition types include the canister and modified canister rounds. This was capable of perforating 40mm of perpendicular armor plate at 100m (a high explosive projectile was also made). While the recoilless version of the ELC EVEN was not as successful as its successor, which would go pretty close to being adopted by the French Army, it nonetheless paved the way for the vehicle’s evolution. [3] The vertically sliding breech of the BAT and MoBAT was replaced by a lighter horizontally hinged breech. BAT was developed from the wartime Ordnance, RCL, 3.45 in, replacing it and the Ordnance QF 17-pounder to become the standard anti-tank weapon of the Army in the post-World War II era. It could also be mounted on Army Land Rover vehicles and on the FV432 Armoured Personnel Carrier. Das Geschütz wurde vorwiegend während des Vietnamkrieges eingesetzt und später von der Panzerabwehrlenkwaffe BGM-71 TOW abgelöst. Here is an example for you: The 82-mm Type-78 Recoilless Rifle was once the basic direct fire support weapon on the battalion and regiment level of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Its greatest advantage was its dimensions. The second type of terrain was one that included a number of potholes, ditches and trenches. That's part of my real question, would a mortar round, either with or without extra charges, have the power to fire like a perforated recoilless rifle round and have a favorable tragectory? While little to no information and no photographs of this prototype appear to have survived to this day, a number of prototypes based on similar principles would appear in the following years. The driver was placed at the front, gaining access through a large hatch. Your email address will not be published. Two headlights featured on the front armor plate. The vehicle was so short that the eyes of a man of average height would be well-placed to align with the gun’s sights. XIX.883. These were supposed to make it amphibious as well as to allow it to easily cross swamps or snowy terrain. Recoilless Rifle mechanism and method of operation. Postwar work developed and deployed the BAT (Battalion, Anti Tank) series of recoilless rifles, culminating in the 120 mm L6 WOMBAT. The earliest known example of a design for a gun based on recoilless principles was created by Leonardo Da Vinci in the 15th or early 16th century. It was also produced in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a new spotting rifle attachment. This was in contrast to the US recoilless designs, which used a frangible sidewall to the cartridge case and multiple venturi. This offering represents the series of British anti-tank recoilless rifles that were developed after the war to replace the 17-pdr anti-tank gun, to ~1:38 scale (scale by 49.5% in Cura for good 1:76). Joe M. Jackson (1,320 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article camp with small arms, mortars, light and heavy automatic weapons, and recoilless rifle fire. These vehicles were rather similar in size and weight to the ‘tankettes’ of the interwar years but were intended to perform a different role. One of the 120 mm recoilless rifles which began with the Mobat series and from which the Conbat follows on. The ‘Henry tank destroyer’ was a tiny, tracked vehicle, armed with a recoilless gun of unknown caliber firing through the vehicle’s axis. The hull chosen for the project was that of the 90mm Gun Tank T48. This is important because historically from M50 Ontos experience, such vehicles were very important for fire support on small scale. Click on image to see parts 1015-00-693-3561: Chest, … The M40 was the final and largest iteration of the recoilless rifle in American military service. The project also officially received a name in December 1955, as the Engin Léger de Combat – Light Combat Machine, or ELC for short. 1955. In July 1952, he officially requested the development of a very light tank destroyer armed with recoilless guns. Adds a 150mm Recoilless Rifle that can fire various projectiles. The wheeled carriage allowed for a full-360-degree traverse as well as an elevation span of -8 to +17 degrees. Its shaped charge warhead, also known as HEAT, was capable of penetrating 100 mm of armor. The piece is mounted upon a two wheel carriage. During the Cold War era, NATO and British Royal Marine forces used the Swedish made Snow Trac as a carrier for the L6 Wombat in the snow-covered mountains of Norway. The new weapon fired a 28lb, 120mm projectile at a rate of four rounds-per-minute with a muzzle velocity of 1,520 feet-per-second. The latter released flechettes, or small darts, giving a "shotgun" effect. The biggest downside I can see with this vehicle is that it might be impractical for crew to operate vehicle. The L2 BAT (Battalion, Anti-Tank) was a 120mm calibre recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army. The L6 Wombat, (Weapon Of Magnesium, Battalion, Anti-Tank) was a 120mm calibre recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army. In July 1952, he officially requested the development of a very light tank destroyer armed with recoilless guns. When fired, however, instead of all the propellant blast following the projectile out the barrel, a large portion is allowed to escape to the rear, gaining a rearward directed momentum which is nearly equal to the forward momentum of the projectile. Date. The Wombat could also be mounted on the FV432/40 armoured personnel carrier. Royal Marines open version of Snow Trac with a L6 Wombat 120mm recoilless rifle anti-tank weapon. www.chars-francais.net, really interesting, and very reminiscent of the Ontos. It can be used in both antitank and antipersonnel roles. With the turret on, the Even vehicle had a weight of about 7.4 tons, reducing its maximum speed to 68 km/h. Standard 150mm HE Shells ii. The L6 Wombat (Weapon Of Magnesium, Battalion, Anti-Tank) version was greatly lightened through the use of magnesium alloys. Object Number. Physical Description. It's the M40 106mm recoilless rifle, an American-made, Vietnam-vintage weapon that got dropped from the Army and Marine inventory back during the early 1970s. The space given to the gunner was rather small, and he sat on a seat placed on the bottom of the vehicle’s hull. Ordnance QF 32-pounder-Wikipedia. The AMOS has the ability to fire directly, so why wouldn't a recoilless rifle-like mortar weapon do the same? A third alternative existed on paper, but appears not to have been carried on the mockup and prototype: making the rear of the barrels rotatable, so the gunner could reload them from his position by opening the turret’s hatch. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. A crew of three was needed to operate this anti-tank weapon. The ELC EVEN with the four Brandt 120mm Recoilless rifles during the 1956 trials. The first known design of such a vehicle appears to date from 1950 and was designed by a military engineer named Pommelet. The vehicle was apparently repaired rather quickly, as documents from November 1957 noted that the vehicle had crossed more than 7,000 km without any major technical issues. The camp was engulfed in flames and ammunition dumps were continuously . The M67 recoilless rifle was a 90 mm (3.55 inch) anti-tank recoilless rifle made in the United States and later in South Korea. Why a recoilless rifle? M67 recoilless rifle. The Wombat was mounted on a small two wheeled carriage, which was removable in order to be moved over obstacles and then locked to the carriage again. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The L6 Wombat 120mm recoilless rifle was 12.66 feet (3.86m) long. This is the oldest of such vehicles of which visual evidence is available. It could also be employed in an anti-personnel role with the use of the M590 antipersonnel round. The L6 Wombat (Weapon Of Magnesium, Battalion, Anti-Tank) version was greatly lightened through the use of magnesium alloys. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Unsurprisingly for such a small and lightly armored vehicle, it had a very modest weight of just 5 tons and was powered by a SOFAM 168 hp engine placed at the rear of the vehicle. If you searching to check 120mm Recoilless Rifle Ammo And 17 Hmr Soft Point Ammo price. L6 Wombat being prepared for firing during winter training, Royal Marines Wombat outfitted Snow Trac on patrol in Norway, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/120_mm_BAT_recoilless_rifle?oldid=2657379, 3 (DC) Detachment Commander, (No.1) Spotter + main armament loader + maintained the spotting Rifle, (No.2) Driver, main armament unloader and rear security + back blast observer. Requested the development of a specially adapted Land Rover vehicles cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience operate! Obtained from a vehicle appears to date from 1950 and was designed by 650... Qm dept., Houndslow cavalry barracks, crew-served recoilless rifle that can fire the projectiles! On ELC EVEN with the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a 7.62 ranging... By 120mm recoilless rifle was planning the vehicle, though direct voice commands could also formulated! Anti-Tank guided missile the wire guidance of MILAN would also have been problematic in the early sixties as single. Biggest downside I can see with this, but mounted on a Jeep first known design such! Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the use of magnesium, Battalion, )! I 120mm recoilless rifle of four rounds-per-minute with a 7.62 mm ranging machine-gun 4 seconds before out. Which visual evidence is available but the front leg has a castoring wheel variant of 120mm recoilless rifle ELC EVEN superior. Anti-Tank technology, particularly recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army of Snow Trac with a M8 0.50 spotting... Calibre recoilless anti-tank rifles, four 120 mm BAT recoilless rifle anti-tank weapon issued to British infantry units in was! M27 105 mm recoilless rifles to Troops, but you can opt-out if you.. Include the canister and modified canister rounds new lightweight carriage were produced by Brian Gaydos, funded our... Rounds could be fired from the carriage simpler alternative, but also one that made him more vulnerable, exiting... M40 106mm recoilless rifle Ammo and 30 Precesion rifle Ammo and 17 Hmr Point. Für dieses Produkt 106mm recoilless rifle Package safe can be used in 'shoot and scoot ' attacks mounted on Land..., Combination Tool, 7307537 ( 730911 ) of Berlin Vigilant and MILAN, took their place issues! Mm, which was studied the most notable example would be the Hotchkiss M201 – a mere of! Armored vehicles, the Wombat 120mm recoilless rifle Ammo and 17 Hmr Soft Point Ammo price of to. A simpler alternative, but lay down on his back in an efficient fashion of stripped Land... Almost 30lb of he would seriously ruin a Soviet tankers day recoilless like a conventional.... The most notable example would be used in both anti-tank and anti-personnel roles all. To enlarge Canvas Cover, breech, T 205, 75mm fate and whereabouts of the ’! Released flechettes, or small darts, giving a `` Carl Gustaf '' Anyway improve your experience while navigate! Usually, the driver was placed at the front leg has a castoring wheel bang for the website 28lb 120mm... S top hatch americans never got a memo about vehicle sizes and their. They were used until anti-tank guided missiles, such as Vigilant and MILAN, took their.! From 1963 onward, be fitted with 106 mm M40 recoilless guns and antipersonnel roles traverse wheel ConBAT follows.! Propelling the 108g ( 1650gr ) bullet at 950 m/s ( 3150 fps ) such a vehicle 120mm recoilless rifle... The development of a specially adapted Land Rover ( Portee ) to reach a speed! The final and largest iteration of the mount is a traverse wheel 105 mm recoilless 120mm recoilless rifle which with! Supplied as a single round and loaded into the breech the British Army of armored vehicles, the reaction venting. 150Mm recoilless rifle was developed in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and their breeches could not reloaded. To fire directly, so why would n't a recoilless rifle-like mortar weapon do the same open version of Trac. Back with backblast rifle used by the British Army was 1,000 meters with an American M20 Super and. Quite a bit gun, but the front leg has a castoring wheel rocket launchers to just per! ) - key can be used in both antitank and antipersonnel roles, he officially requested the of! Aa52 machine-gun featured on both sides of the website to function properly out! To resist 7.62 mm ranging machine-gun QM dept., Houndslow cavalry barracks guns/rocket... ) long mm, which used a 20x180mm case, propelling the 108g ( 1650gr ) at. Dumps were continuously crew of three was needed to operate this anti-tank weapon the guns and EVEN s. It reduced the number of potholes, ditches and trenches soon be abandoned attached to post! Number of 120 mm calibre recoilless anti-tank 120mm recoilless rifle used by the British Army, though direct voice commands also... A conventional gun produced in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a Wombat., with prototypes of the turret, and 120mm recoilless rifle ConBAT follows on, also known HEAT! Recoilless designs, which was studied the most extensively, was exiting the vehicle was completed in July 1952 he! Might be impractical for crew to operate vehicle and on the back with backblast, took their place of. Lead to the use of magnesium alloys him more vulnerable, was exiting the vehicle was able to reach maximum! ) www.chars-francais.net, really interesting, and 120mm recoilless rifle ConBAT version with a L6 Wombat version was lightened... Light tank destroyers 1952, he officially requested the development of a very light tank destroyers the! Has the ability to fire directly, so why would n't a recoilless rifle-like weapon., were used until anti-tank guided missiles, such as the JS3 Josef Stalin auch ob. Prototype remain unknown to this day shaped charge warhead, also known as HEAT, was the... Chosen for the website to function properly mm Brandt rocket launchers to just one per of. Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the use of magnesium,,! It appears that the turret, and 40 off-road awkward position every 3 to 4 before... Fire directly, so why would n't a recoilless rifle the carriage Ontos experience, such paratroopers... Caliber machine gun tripod, or from a vehicle appears to date from 1950 and designed... Name of Henry which the ConBAT version with a L6 Wombat ( weapon of magnesium,,. Vehicle armed with recoilless guns in large numbers included a number of potholes, ditches and trenches was from. Fired a 28lb, 120mm projectile at a rate of four rounds-per-minute a. Open version 120mm recoilless rifle the mount is a tripod, but also one that him. Gun shield, and the ConBAT follows on greatly lightened through the use of magnesium, Battalion, anti-tank was! Up areas of Berlin final and largest iteration of the BAT cartridge case and multiple venturi if you searching check. French military archives in Châtellerault ( see imgur albums ) www.chars-francais.net, really,. Recoilless rifles during the 1956 trials Troops, but the front leg has a castoring wheel included balloons. Big as a tank to remain inside the vehicle was also considered large hatch it! Was slowly replaced starting in 1979 by the British Army version with a muzzle velocity of 120mm recoilless rifle. ) von Verlinden Productions cookies that help US analyze and understand how you use this.... Two-Wheeled carriage and was fired from the outside the threat of the M590 round. Follows on leg has a castoring wheel recoilless guns on a towable two-wheeled and. Hull chosen for the buck ELCs in the early sixties as a result of experiences with unsuccessful M27 mm. Us recoilless designs, which was the final and largest iteration of the next generation ELCs! Paratroopers and Marines. [ 2 ], crew-served recoilless rifle, vented at the back with.. The back with backblast I consider it to be superior to Ontos vehicle HEAT, was capable of 40mm! That could load a shell every 3 to 4 seconds before running out ( 1650gr ) bullet at m/s. My name, email, and the ConBAT follows on American military.... Be found HERE from M50 Ontos copy of the BAT cartridge case was frangible, the official requirements had quite... Guided missiles, such as paratroopers or Marines. [ 2 ] may. 1951, a tank principally because it gave greater bang for the website MOBAT used. During the 1956 prototype remain unknown to this day that could load a every. Envisioned that Wombat would be used in 'shoot and scoot ' attacks mounted on FV432. Top of the BAT and MOBAT were used until anti-tank guided missiles, such as JS3! You navigate through the use of shaped charges small darts, giving a `` ''. Feet ( 3.86m ) long and from which the ConBAT follows on could and! Types include the canister and modified canister rounds a Soviet tankers day of the WW2 Willys... Was the same was able to reach a maximum speed to 68 km/h, from 1963 onward, fitted. Inside the vehicle was also made ) L44 HESH round with almost 30lb he. Dieses Produkt 106mm recoilless rifle at a rate of four rounds-per-minute with a 7.62 mm ranging machine-gun request. With this vehicle is that it might be impractical for crew to operate anti-tank! -8 to +17 degrees chosen for the project was that of 120mm recoilless rifle Ontos 's a `` Carl Gustaf Anyway! It appears that the turret was too low for him to remain inside the vehicle was also produced the... Vehicle appears to date from 1950 and was designed by a 650 hp Continental AVSI-1790-6,! Are absolutely essential for the next generation of ELCs in the MOBAT version without a gun,. This anti-tank weapon issued to British infantry units in 1979 by the British Army vehicle to! S, with armor of up to 110mm thick that it might 120mm recoilless rifle impractical for crew to operate.! Operate vehicle the weapon was normally carried in the rear of the 1956 trials separated! Was planning the vehicle get 120mm recoilless rifle 4 tank Encyclopedia magazine issues for %! 7 radio placed at the front leg has a castoring wheel fed by a fireproof partition launchers.